Science and Nature :
Two Indian astrophysicists with international collaborators have provided the first direct observational evidence to explain the mechanisms that give rise to ubiquitous jet-like eruptions of solar material observed across the Sun’s surface.
Tanmoy Samanta and Dipankar Banerjee are part of a 12-member international research team whose observations might also unravel the long-standing puzzle of why the Sun’s outer atmosphere, or the solar corona, is hotter than its surface.
Their studies suggest that the interaction of magnetic fields of opposite polarity — North and South — through a process that solar physicists call magnetic flux cancellation provides the energy for the eruptions called solar spicules.
Their findings, based on